lambda {hydromad} R Documentation

## Transfer function with two exponential components and variable partitioning

### Description

Lambda unit hydrograph. Transfer function with two exponential components and variable partitioning.

### Usage

```lambda.sim(U, delay = 0,
tau_s = 0, tau_q = 0,
lambda = 0, v_s = 1,
loss = 0,
Xs_0 = 0, Xq_0 = 0,
return_components = FALSE,
na.action = na.pass,
```

### Arguments

 `U` input time series. `delay` lag (dead time) between input and response, in time steps. `tau_s, tau_q` time constants for the exponential components. `lambda` variable partitioning parameter, see Details. `v_s` maximum fractional volume for the slower exponential component. `loss` a constant loss (or gain) term subtracted from the slow (`s`) component. `Xs_0, Xq_0` initial values of the exponential components. `return_components` whether to return all component time series. `na.action` function to remove missing values, e.g. `na.omit`. `epsilon` values smaller than this will be set to zero.

### Details

The lambda unit hydrograph model is a variant of the second-order `expuh` model, i.e. two exponentially receding stores in parallel. The lambda form allows the partitioning of flow between quick and slow components to depend on the magnitude of effective rainfall. In this model, runoff from large rainfall events tends to be quick flow, and runoff from small events tends to be slow flow.

v_s[t] = v_{s,0} U[t] ^ λ

v_q[t] = 1 - v_s[t]

where U is the input (effective rainfall); v_{s,0} is the maximum fractional volume of the slow flow component, and is given by the `v_s` argument.

The λ parameter (`lambda` argument) must be between 0 and -1; the case `lambda = 0` corresponds to the basic `expuh` model.

### Value

the model output as a `ts` object, with the same dimensions and time window as the input `U`. If `return_components = TRUE`, it will have multiple columns named `Xs` and `Xq`.

### Author(s)

Felix Andrews felix@nfrac.org

### References

...

`expuh`, `lambda.inverse.sim`